LLP Registration in India
LLP has a separate legal entity, liable to the full extent of its assets; the liability of the partners would be limited to their agreed contribution in the LLP. Further, no partner would be liable on account of the independent or un-authorized actions of other partners, thus allowing individual partners to be shielded from joint liability created by another partner’s wrongful business decisions or misconduct.
Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008 came into effect by way of notification dated 31st March 2009.
ï»¿LLP Incorporation Requirements :-
- Designated Partners
- Director Identification Number ( DIN Number )
- Digital Signature Certificate ( DSC )
- LLP Name
- LLP Agreement
- Registered Office
At least 2 persons are required to form a LLP. In case any Body Corporate is a partner, than he will be required to nominate any person as its nominee for the purpose of the LLP.
Following can become a partner in the LLP:-
a. Company incorporated in and outside India
b. LLP incorporated in & outside India
c. Individuals resident in & outside India
In case of LLP, there is no concept of any share capital but every partner is required to contribute towards the LLP in some manner. The said contribution can be tangible, movable or immovable or intangible property or other benefit to the limited liability partnership, including money, promissory notes, and other agreements to contribute cash or property, and contracts for services performed or to be performed.
In case the contribution is in intangible form, the value of the same shall be certified by a practicing Chartered Accountant or by a practicing Cost Accountant or by approved valued from the panel maintained by the Central Government. The monetary value of contribution of each partner shall be accounted for and disclosed in the accounts of the limited liability partnership in the manner as may be prescribed.
The LLP Agreement must specify the contribution intended to be paid by all the members and the form in which it will be paid.
3. Designated Partners
‘Designated Partner’ means a partner who is designated as such in the incorporation documents or who become a designated partner by and in accordance with the Limited Liability Partnership Agreement.
Every limited liability partnership shall have at least two designated partners who are individuals and at least one of them shall be a resident in India
Provided that in case of a limited liability partnership in which all the partners are bodies corporate or in which one or more partners are individuals and bodies corporate, at least two individuals who are partners of such limited liability partnership or nominees of such bodies corporate shall act as designated partners.
Designated Partner shall be :-
a. Responsible for the doing of all acts, matters and things as are required to be done by the limited liability partnership in respect of compliance of the provisions of this Act including filing of any document, return, statement and the like report pursuant to the provisions of this Act and as may be specified in the limited liability partnership agreement; and
b. Liable to all penalties imposed on the limited liability partnership for any contravention of those provisions.
4. Director Identification Number
Every Designated Partner is required to obtain a DIN from the Central Government. If a person already has a DIN, the same can be used for forming LLP.
The Direction Identification Number would be used as Unique Identification for the Designated Partner also.
5. Digital Signature Certificate
All the forms like eForm 1, eForm 2, eForm 3 etc which are required for the purpose of incorporating the LLP are filed electronically through the medium of Internet. Since all these forms are required to be signed by the partner of the proposed LLP and as all these forms are to be filed electronically, it is not possible to sign them manually. Therefore, for the purpose of signing these forms, all the Designated Partner of the proposed LLP needs to have a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC).
The Digital Signature Certificate once obtained will be useful in filing various forms which are required to be filed during the course of existence of the LLP with the Registrar of LLP.
6. LLP Name
Selection of the name for the proposed LLP to be incorporated is one of the important process of the entire incorporation process, ideally the name of the LLP should be such which represents the business or activity intended to be carried on by the LLP. Before selecting the name of the LLP, it is necessary to evaluate the proposed name under the following given criteria:
- LLP with Similar Name: The proposed name of the LLP should not be similar to the name of the Company or LLP, which is already registered in India.
- Words Based on Approval: Various government regulatory authorities operating in India like Securities & Exchange Board of India, Reserve Bank of India, has prescribed certain words, which if forms part of the name of the proposed LLP to be incorporated, requires there first hand approval.
7. LLP Agreement
For the purpose of forming a LLP, there should be agreement between the partners interested in forming the LLP to be known as LLP Agreement. The said Agreement forms the basis of the formation of LLP and lays down its founding structure. The LLP agreement is an agreement between the Partners and between the LLP & its partners.
The basic contents of Agreement are:
- Name of LLP
- Name of Partners & Designated Partners
- Form of contribution
- Profit Sharing ratio
- Rights & Duties of Partners
In case no agreement is entered into, the rights & duties as prescribed under Schedule I to the LLP Act shall be applicable. It is possible to amend the LLP Agreement but every change made in the said agreement must be intimated to the Registrar of LLP.
8. Registered Office
The Registered office of the LLP is the place where all correspondence related with the LLP would take place, though the LLP can also prescribe any other for the same. A registered office is required for maintaining the statutory records and books of Account of LLP.
At the time of incorporation, it is necessary to submit proof of ownership or right to use the office as its registered office with the Registrar of LLP.